Architecture is without a doubt one of the most significant and impressive kinds of art in the world. The structures and buildings that architects design are not only aesthetically beautiful, but also functional. These are the All details about 20 Greatest Architects & Best Architects In The World
This article will examine some renowned architects and their most significant works. Each of these architects has made a substantial contribution to architecture and left a lasting impact.
What is Architecture?
What is structure? Architecture is the design and construction of buildings and other types of physical structures.
Architecture and landscape architecture are distinct. This refers to the planning of outside areas, such as parks and gardens. Landscape architects frequently collaborate with architects to give a structure and its surroundings a coherent appearance.
Architecture plays a vital role in our lives. It influences how we work, live, and play. Good architecture may make us feel joyful, secure, and at ease. Inadequate architecture has the opposite impact.
World Famous Architects
Throughout the years, some of the world’s most skilled and well-known architects have created some really famous buildings and structures. From classical architecture to modern masterpieces, these architects have left their stamp on history. Let’s investigate their work!
Here is the list of the 20 greatest architects / best architects in the world around the world :
Frank Lloyd Wright | Greatest Architects / Best Architects In The World
Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect, interior designer, writer, and educator who planned over 1,000 buildings, of which 532 were built.
Born: 8 June 1867, Richland Center, Wisconsin, United States
Died: 9 April 1959, Phoenix, Arizona, United States
Artworks: Skyscraper Vase, Spindle Cube Chair, Side Chair, Taliesin Line of Decorative Wallpapers, Armchair, Design 105
Frank Gehry | Best Architecture in The World
Frank Owen Gehry, CC is a Canadian-born, Los Angeles-based American architect. His buildings, including his own mansion, have become internationally renowned tourist destinations.
Born: 28 February 1929 (age 88), Toronto, Canada
Artworks: Fish Lamp, Superlight Chair, Pito Water Kettle, MORE
On view: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Serpentine Galleries, Dallas Museum of Art
Awards: Pritzker Architecture Prize,
Le Corbusier | Greatest Architects / Best Architects In The World
Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, also known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, urban planner, and author who is considered one of the pioneers of modern architecture.
Born: 6 October 1887, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland
Died: 27 August 1965, Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France
Artworks: Abstract Composition, Still Life Filled with Space, MORE
On view: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
Zaha Hadid | Cool Architects
Dame Zaha Mohammad Hadid DBE RA was an architect of Iraqi and British descent. In 2004, she was the first woman to win the Pritzker Architecture Prize. In 2010 and 2011, she received the UK’s most prestigious architectural prize, the Stirling Prize.
Born: 31 October 1950, Baghdad, Iraq
Died: 31 March 2016, Miami, Florida, United States
Artworks: Horizontal Tektonik, Malevich’s Tektonik, London,
On view: Serpentine Galleries, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, High Museum of Art
Awards: Pritzker Architecture Prize, Stirling Prize, Structural Steel Design Awards, Glamor Award for The Architect-In-Chief
- Norman Foster | Architects Moder
Norman Foster Robert Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, OM, HonFREng is a British architect whose firm, Foster & Partners, is renowned for its high-tech architecture on an international scale
Born: 1 June 1935 (age 82), Reddish, Stockport, United Kingdom
Projects: American Air Museum at the Imperial War Museum Duxford
Practice: Foster + Partners
Books: Rebuilding the Reichstag
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe | Greatest Architects / Best Architects In The World
The architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was German-American. His surname, Mies, is how he is widely referred to and was how he was addressed.
Born: 27 March 1886, Aachen, Germany
Died: 17 August 1969, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Artworks: Barcelona chair, Brno chair, Armchair (MR20), Tugendhat chair, Court House, “Barcelona,” Model MR 90 Chair
On view: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Dallas Museum of Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
Awards: Royal Gold Medal, AIA Gold Medal, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Twenty-five Year Award
Santiago Calatrava | Cool Architects
Santiago Calatrava Valls is a Spanish architect, structural engineer, sculptor, and painter who is renowned for his bridges supported by a single leaning pylon, as well as his railway stations, stadiums, and other structures.
Born: 28 July 1951 (age 66), Benimàmet, Valencia, Spain
Artworks: Infinite Spirit, Times Capsule, Il Dente, Eye, Fruit, Wave, Bou, Palme, Bird I, Torso
Awards: Princess of Asturias Award for the Arts, AIA Gold Medal
Louis Kahn | Architects Modern
Louis Isadore Kahn was a Philadelphia-based American architect. In 1935, he launched his own atelier in Philadelphia after serving in various roles for several companies.
Born: 20 February 1901, Pärnu, Estonia
Died: 17 March 1974, New York City, New York, United States
Projects: Center of Philadelphia, Urban and Traffic Study
Books: Louis Kahn: Essential Texts
Renzo Piano | Best Architecture in The World
Renzo Piano, OMRI, OMCA, is an architect and engineer from Italy. Notable structures by this architect include the Center Georges Pompidou in Paris, The Shard in London, and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York.
Born: 14 September 1937 (age 80), Pegli, Italy
Education: Polytechnic University of Milan (1964)
Books: Logbook, Renzo Piano museums, MORE
Awards: Pritzker Architecture Prize, Royal Gold Medal
Philip Cortelyou Johnson was an architect in the United States. Modern architecture, including the Glass House in New Canaan, Connecticut, and postmodern architecture are his most well-known works.
Born: 8 July 1906, Cleveland, Ohio, United States
Died: 25 January 2005, New Canaan, Connecticut, United States
Books: Architecture 1949-1965, Deconstructivist architecture, MORE
Awards: Pritzker Architecture Prize, AIA Gold Medal, Twenty-five Year Award
Oscar Niemeyer | Greatest Architects / Best Architects In The World
Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho, also known as Oscar Niemeyer, was a Brazilian architect widely regarded as a pivotal influence in the evolution of modern architecture.
Born: 15 December 1907, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: 5 December 2012, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Project: Museum of Modern Art in Caracas
Books: The curves of time, MORE
Awards: Pritzker Architecture Prize, Royal Gold Medal
Antoni Gaudí | Cool Architects
Antoni GaudI Cornet was a Catalan architect from Reus. He is the most well-known Catalan Modernist artist. The style of Gaud’s works is particularly personal and distinctive.
Born: 25 June 1852, Reus, Spain
Died: 10 June 1926, Old Hospital de la Santa Creu, Barcelona, Spain
Buried: Sagrada Família, Barcelona, Spain
Books: Gaudi: The Complete Buildings, Gaudí, art and design, MORE
I. M. Pei | Greatest Architects / Best Architects In The World
Ieoh Ming Pei, also known as Ieoh Ming Pei, FAIA, RIBA, is a Chinese-American architect. William Zeckendorf, a New York City real estate developer, recruited Pei in 1948.
Born: 26 April 1917 (age 100), Guangzhou, China
Spouse: Eileen Loo (m. 1942)
Education: Harvard Graduate School of Design (1942–1946), MORE
Awards: Pritzker Architecture Prize, AIA Gold Medal,
Eero Saarinen | Architects Modern
Eero Saarinen was a Finnish-American architect and industrial designer known for his neo-futuristic style in the 20th century.
Born: 20 August 1910, Kirkkonummi, Finland
Died: 1 September 1961, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
Books: Eero Saarinen on His Work, MORE
Awards: Twenty-five Year Award
Rem Koolhaas | Best Architecture in The World
Rem Koolhaas is a Dutch architect, architectural theorist, urbanist, and professor of the Practice of Architecture and Urban Design at Harvard University’s Graduate School of Design.
Born: 17 November 1944 (age 73), Rotterdam, Netherlands
Spouse: Madelon Vriesendorp
Books: S,M,L,XL, Delirious New York, Junkspace / Running Room, MORE
Movies: Rem, Body and Soul
Jean Nouvel | Greatest Architects / Best Architects In The World
Architect Jean Nouvel is a Frenchman. Nouvel attended the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and founded both Mars 1976 and Syndicat de l’Architecture.
Born: 12 August 1945 (age 72), Fumel, France
Education: École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts (1966–1972)
Books: The Singular Objects of Architecture, MORE
Awards: Pritzker Architecture Prize, Aga Khan Award for Architecture, Royal Gold Medal, Wolf Prize in Arts
Buckminster Fuller | Cool Architects
Bucky Fuller was an architect, systems theorist, author, designer, and inventor from the United States. Fuller published over 30 books and coined or popularized phrases such as “Spaceship Earth,” ephemeralization, and synergetic.
Born: 12 July 1895, Milton, Massachusetts, United States
Died: 1 July 1983, Los Angeles, California, United States
Structures: Dymaxion house, MORE
Awards: Royal Gold Medal, AIA Gold Medal, Presidential Medal of Freedom, St. Louis Literary Award
Louis Sullivan | Architects Modern
Louis Henry Sullivan, an American architect, has been referred to as the “father of skyscrapers” and the “father of modernism.”
Born: 3 September 1856, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: 14 April 1924, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Spouse: Mary Azona Hattabaugh (m. ?–1924)
Books: The autobiography of an idea, MORE
Awards: AIA Gold Medal
César Pelli | Best Architecture in The World
César Pelli, the founder of Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects, is an Argentine-American architect who has constructed some of the world’s tallest structures and other significant urban icons.
Born: 12 October 1926 (age 91), San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina
Books: Observations for young architects, MORE
Awards: AIA Gold Medal
Walter Gropius | Greatest Architects
Walter Adolph Georg Gropius was a German architect and the creator of the Bauhaus School. Along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier, and Frank Lloyd Wright, he is considered as one of the forefathers of modernist architecture.
Born: 18 May 1883, Berlin, Germany
Died: 5 July 1969, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Books: The New Architecture and the Bauhaus, MORE
Awards: Royal Gold Medal, AIA Gold Medal, Goethe Prize