Oxycycline : Uses, Dosage ,Side Effects & Interactions


An antibacterial drug is oxytetracycline. This means that it prevents bacterial infections (bacteria). It is suggested as a remedy for some oral infections as well as chest infections including pneumonia. Additionally, it is given for some sexually transmitted illnesses and infections brought on by specific types of bites. Additionally, oxytetracycline is given for several chronic skin disorders like rosacea and acne.

Oxytetracycline is an antibiotic that is used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections. It works by preventing bacteria from producing proteins that are essential for their growth and survival.

Some common uses of oxytetracycline include:

  1. Acne: Oxytetracycline is sometimes used to treat severe acne, as it can reduce inflammation and the growth of bacteria that can cause acne.
  2. Respiratory infections: Oxytetracycline is used to treat respiratory infections such as pneumonia, bronchitis, and Legionnaires’ disease.
  3. Gastrointestinal infections: Oxytetracycline is used to treat gastrointestinal infections such as food poisoning and traveler’s diarrhea.
  4. Urinary tract infections: Oxytetracycline is used to treat urinary tract infections such as cystitis.
  5. Sexually transmitted infections: Oxytetracycline is used to treat sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea.
Type of medicine A tetracycline antibiotic
Used for Bacterial infections; acne; rosacea
Available as Tablets

Before taking oxytetracycline

Certain medical problems preclude the use of some medications, and other times a medication can only be administered with special precautions. For the following reasons, it’s crucial that your doctor (or dentist) is informed before you begin using oxytetracycline:

  • if you are nursing a baby or pregnant. You shouldn’t use oxytetracycline in those case.
  • if you are younger than 12 years old. Children should not be given oxytetracycline.
    If your kidneys or liver function isn’t as it should be, or if you have any other health issues.
  • If you have myasthenia gravis, a disorder that causes muscle weakness, or if you have systemic lupus erythematosus, a condition that causes inflammation. These conditions may get worse with taking oxytetracycline.
  • If you suffer from porphyria, a rare genetic blood illness.
  • if you take any more medications. This includes any prescription and over-the-counter medications you are taking, as well as herbal and alternative treatments.
  • if you’ve ever experienced an adverse drug reaction.

How to take oxytetracycline

  • Read the printed information sheet provided by the manufacturer inside the package before you begin the therapy. It will offer you with more details about oxytetracycline as well as a comprehensive list of any negative effects that you can encounter while taking it.
  • Exactly as directed by your doctor, take oxytetracycline. If you are being treated for acne or rosacea, the typical dosage is two tablets twice day. If you have an infection, it is likely that you will be instructed to take one or two tablets every six hours. To help you remember what was spoken to you, your doctor or pharmacist will advise you on the appropriate dose, and this information will also be put on the pack’s label.
  • Try to take your medications every day at roughly the same time of day. You’ll be more likely to remember to take them as directed. You should evenly space out your doses throughout the day.
  • When you have an empty stomach, take the tablets. This entails taking your medications an hour before eating or delaying their administration for two hours after a meal. It’s also crucial to avoid drinking milk for two hours after taking oxytetracycline (either before or after). This is due to the fact that food and milk both decrease the amount of medicine your body can absorb, decreasing its efficacy in treating infection.
  • Along with a sizable glass of water, swallow the tablets. Avoid using oxytetracycline right before bed or right before going to sleep.
  • Take a dose as soon as you remember if you forget to take one. Do your best to take the recommended number of doses each day; however, never combine two doses to make up for one that was missed.

Maximising the Effects of Your Treatment

  • If you are being treated for an acute infection, your course of treatment will probably last for around a week. Your treatment with oxytetracycline for rosacea or acne may last for several months. You must continue taking the pills until the course of treatment is complete (unless you are told to stop sooner by a doctor).
  • A variety of “over-the-counter” medications can interact with oxytetracycline, therefore before purchasing any medications, confirm with a pharmacist that they are safe to take with it. In particular, avoid taking iron, magnesium, or zinc supplements or indigestion medications at the same time. This is so that oxytetracycline won’t combine with them and become as potent. Make careful to wait at least two hours before or after taking oxytetracycline if you need to take an antacid or any of the vitamins listed.
  • Some people get thrush, which is characterised by redness and itching in the mouth or vagina, after taking an antibiotic course. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for guidance if this occurs to you.
  • Your skin could become unusually sensitive to sunlight while using oxytetracycline. Till you know how your skin will respond, stay away from direct sunshine and sunlamps.
  • This antibiotic may inhibit the effectiveness of the oral typhoid vaccine. Make sure the person caring for you is aware that you are taking this medication if you are scheduled for any vaccines.

Can oxytetracycline cause problems?

Most medications have undesirable side effects in addition to their beneficial ones, however not everyone experiences them. Some of the ones connected to oxytetracycline are listed in the table below. The manufacturer’s printed information sheet that comes with your medicine is the best source for a complete list of the side effects that may be connected to it. As an alternative, you can go to the reference section below to see an illustration of a manufacturer’s information leaflet. If any of the following persist or become bothersome, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Oxytetracycline is available in various forms, including oral tablets, capsules, and liquid suspension. It is important to take oxytetracycline exactly as prescribed by a healthcare provider and to complete the full course of treatment, even if symptoms improve, to help prevent the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Common side effects of oxytetracycline include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. More serious side effects are rare but can include allergic reactions, liver damage, and blood disorders.

It is important to speak with a healthcare provider before taking oxytetracycline, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or are taking any other medications.

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